“Husband and Wife” (2017) is one of three works by Toyin Ojih Odutola acquired by the Whitney Museum.
FOR A YEAR, THE WHITNEY MUSUEM of American Art displayed “Hate Is a Sin Flag” a 2007 print by Faith Ringgold. It is a relatively small print, about 19 inches square, that makes a profound statement. On view recently in the collection exhibition “An Incomplete History of Protest: Selections from the Whitney’s Collection, 1940–2017,” the work directly criticizes the institution and recounts the artist’s experience protesting in front of the Whitney in 1968.
The Whitney announced the acquisition of 417 works of art over the past year. The museum added three works by Riggold, including “Hate Is a Sin Flag.” More than two dozen African American artists are represented among the new acquisitions, made between September 2017 and September 2018, including Derrick Adams, Dawoud Bey, Melvin Edwards, Julie Mehretu, and Kara Walker. The additions to the collection by black artists—about three dozen works—represent approximately nine percent of the recent acquisitions.
The museum has acquired three drawings by Toyin Ojih Odutola that were featured in “To Wander Determined,” her first solo museum exhibition in New York. The works include “Industry (Husband and Wife),” a double portrait executed in 2017 with charcoal, pastel and pencil.
The acquisitions also include 62 artists whose work is entering the museum’s collection for the first time. African American artists Ja’Tovia Gary, Marlon Riggs, Ming Smith, Samuel Levi Jones, Sable Elyse Smith, Saya Woolfalk, Adams, and a few others, are among them.
“The Whitney’s recent acquisitions—especially by those artists new to the collection—will allow future curators to present our current moment in all of its complexity, subtlety, and frequent beauty. We thank all of the patrons who have helped make these acquisitions possible and the artists for entrusting us with the future lives of their work,” David Breslin, the director of the museum’s collection said in a statement.
“The Whitney’s recent acquisitions—especially by those artists new to the collection—will allow future curators to present our current moment in all of its complexity, subtlety, and frequent beauty.”
— David Breslin, Director of the Whitney’s Collection
Installation view, at left, of FAITH RINGGOLD’s “Hate Is a Sin Flag,” 2007 (acrylic, graphite, and pen on paper – Sheet (sight): 18 3/4 × 19 inches / 47.6 × 48.3 cm); Image (sight): 18 3/4 × 19 inches / 47.6 × 48.3 cm). | Purchase, with funds from the Laurie M. Tisch Illumination Fund 2017.175. See up close image of the work here.
The museum deepened its holdings of several artists already represented in its collection, adding works by Bey, Mehretu, Walker, and Rashid Johnson, among others. The Whitney already owned two photographs and two prints by Johnson and acquired “Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos” (2008), a steel sculpture that stands more than 11 feet high.
Fifteen works by Mehretu were in the collection (the first acquired in 2004) before the museum added “Epigraph, Damascus” (2016). The six-panel editioned etching debuted in “Julie Mehretu: Hoodnyx, Voodoo and Stelae,” the artist’s 2016 exhibition at Marianne Goodman Gallery in New York.
In its description, the gallery said the work “presented, infusing elements from architectural renderings of buildings in Damascus, Syria—columns, porticos, and arches—drawn upside-down. The magnitude of Epigraph casts a hanging shadow summoning autumn clouds, but from its multitude of stratum, also comes the sense of a possible emergent other.” (In April, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art also announced it had acquired an edition of the same work by Mehretu.)
A number of video works by African American artists were acquired by the Whitney. Maya Stovall’s video “Liquor Store Theatre vol. 2, no. 2” (2015) was featured in the 2017 Whitney Biennial. In the work, the Detroit artist turned the sidewalks and parking lots of local liquor stores into sites of dance performance.
Works by Riggs (“Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien,” 1992), Steffani Jemison (“The Meaning of Various Photographs to Tyrand Needham,” 2009), and Frances Bodomo (“Afronauts,” 2014) were also among the acquisitions purchased by the Whitney’s Film, Video and New Media Committee.
JULIE MEHRETU, “Epigraph, Damascus,” 2016 (photogravure, etching and aquatint, six parts – Overall: 97 5/8 × 226 inches / 248 × 574 cm). | Purchase, with funds from the Director’s Discretionary Fund, Print Endowment Fund, Beth Rudin DeWoody, Susan K. Hess, Brooke Garber Neidich, Nancy F. Poses, Fern Kaye Tessler, Lisa Cashin, Stephen Dull, Jane Dresner Sadaka, Carol Weisman, Iris Z. Marden, Mary McCaffrey, Linda R. Safran, Marc A. Schwartz, Flora Miller Biddle, and Fiona Donovan in honor of David W. Kiehl 2017.159a-f
Other highlights include “Toxicity” (20170, a “painting” by Samuel Levi Jones composed of deconstructed medical books; “Martina & Rhonda” (1993), a six-part photographic work by Bey; and three paintings by Purvis Young. The museum has also acquired works by Leslie Hewitt, Walter Price, and Stanley Whitney.
A selection of highly political works is also being brought into the collection. Among them, Dread Scott’s nylon flag “A Man Was Lynched by Police Yesterday” (2015) and the three works by Ringgold, which address issues mass incarceration, racism, and lack of diversity in museums.
An acrylic, graphite, and pen on paper work, the focus of “Hate Is a Sin Flag” is a red, white, and blue “X” where Ringgold has inserted the phrase “Hate Is a Sin.” Around the perimeter of the work, which is signed and dated June 22, 2007, she has written: “The first time I was called NIGGER was at the Whitney Museum in New York City. I was passing out flyers about the Whitney’s discrimination against Black artists when a white man told his daughter: “Don’t go near that NIGGER; that was 39 years ago in 1968. Slavery is Hate. Hate is a Sin.”
The work documents an incident Ringgold actually experienced. In Daily Mail interview in February, she said, “I made that print to express the moment. I cannot cease to amazed that the Whitney would tell that story. That’s good though. It’s art.”
The museum’s collection includes more than 25,000 20th- and 21st-century works made by about 3,500 artists in the United States. View the full list of new acquisitions here. CT
TOP IMAGE: TOYIN OJIH ODUTOLA, “Industry (Husband and Wife),” 2017 (charcoal, pastel and pencil on paper – Sheet (sight (each)): 23 1/2 × 19 inches / 59.7 × 48.3 cm) Image (sight (each)): 23 1/2 × 19 inches / 59.7 × 48.3 cm). | Promised gift of Pippa and Martin Hale, Jr. P.2018.9a-b, Photo by Victoria L. Valentine
“American People, Black Light: Faith Ringgold’s Paintings of the 1960s” coincided with the exhibition of the same name exploring the artist’s early political works about race, gender, and class. “Julie Mehretu: A Universal History of Everything and Nothing” was published earlier this year. “Whitney Biennial 2017” documents the latest edition of the museum’s signature exhibition, which featured artist Maya Stovall, Henry Taylor, Deanna Lawson, Pope.L, Lyle Ashton Harris, and Cauleen Smith, among others.
MING SMITH, “Leopard Shirt Man, in Front of Apollo, Harlem, NY,” circa 1975 (gelatin silver print – Sheet: 19 7/8 × 15 15/16 inches / 50.5 × 40.5 cm; Image: 18 3/8 × 12 5/8 inches / 46.7 × 32.1 cm). | Purchase, with funds from the Photography Committee 2017.188
DERRICK ADAMS, “King,” 2015 (screenprint with gold leaf – sheet 30 1/16 x 22 1/16 inches / 76.4 x 56.2 cm; image 30 1/16 x 22 1/16 inches / 76.4 x 56.2 cm). | Purchase with funds from the Print Committee 2018.114.1
JA’TOVIA GARY, “An Ecstatic Experience,” 2015 (video, color, sound, 6 min.). | Purchase, with funds from Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz 2017.196
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